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2014高考英语重大变化:语法填空取代单项填空  

2014-04-16 14:21:05|  分类: 测试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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20142月中旬,新课标全国卷地区河南 山西 河北 贵州 甘肃 青海 西藏 黑龙江 吉林 宁夏 内蒙古 新疆 云南 海南2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试大纲的说明》新鲜出炉,其中关于高考新题型的说明尤为引人注目:

“第二节:共10小题,每小题1.5分。在一篇200词左右的语言材料中留出10个空白,部分空白的后面给出单词的基本形式要求考生根据上下文填写空白处所需的内容(不多于3个单词)或所提供单词的正确形式。”

这就是此次题型变革之前早已引起热议的新题型“语篇型语法填空”。而《说明》中历年高考常见的单项填空题型完全消失了,取而代之的语篇型语法填空无论在形式上还是难度上都要比单项填空复杂许多。

《说明》紧接着给出了新题型的高考样题:

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Mum: (putting on her coat) I'm going to have to go down to the shop for more bread.

Alan: Why?

Mum: I'm not sure what   1  (happen). I made some sandwiches earlier and left them on the table   2  I went to answer the phone. But someone must have taken them because they're   3  (go).

Alan: Oh, it must have been Dad. I'm sure he was in the kitchen   4  (early).

Mum: No, he went off to his tennis match before I finished   5  them, so he couldn't have done it.  6  , he couldn't carry a plate of sandwiches as well as all his tennis stuff, so I'm sure   7  wasn't him.

Alan: (opening the fridge door) Well, it wasn't me. But Mum, look! Are these your sandwiches here on the bottom shelf of   8  fridge?

Mum: Are they there? Oh, my goodness. I  9  (put) them in there when the phone rang. Oh, dear. I really must be losing my  10  . Now, why did I put on my coat?

答案:1.happened    2.when    3.gone    4.earlier    5.making    6.Anyway  7.it    8.the    9.must have put   10.mind/memory

根据该题型的设计人教育部考试中心考试命题处专家刘庆思先生的介绍,语篇型语法填空包括短文体对话体两种形式。以上给出的样题即是其中的对话体,而2014年高考英语新课标全国卷中,预计两种文体都有可能出现,因此考生在备考时对两种文体都要有所准备。

此前刘庆思先生对短文体语法填空也给出了样题如下:

One of my father's favorite   1  (say) as I was growing up was “Try it!” I couldn't say I didn't like something,   2  it might be, until after I tried it. Over the years I've come to realize how much of my success I owe to my  3  (accept) of those words as one of my values. My first job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I determined what I wanted to do as a career (职业).   4  (actual) I believed I would work for a few years,  get  5  (marry), stay home and raise a family, so I didn't think the job I took mattered that much. I couldn't   6  more mistaken. I mastered the skills of  that  7  (begin) level position and I was given the opportunity (机会) to move up through the company into   8  (differ) positions. I accepted each new  opportunity with the thought, Well, I'll try it;   9  I don't like it I can always go back to my   10  (early) position. But I was with the same company for the past 28 years.

答案:1.sayings    2.whatever    3.acceptance    4.Actually    5.married   6.have been    7.beginning   8.different    9.if    10.earlier

 

语篇型语法填空题“突出语篇,强调运用”的命题思路,不仅充分体现了语言测试的交际性原则,也很好地体现了高中英语课程改革的教学理念,与《课程标准》所提出的英语课程的性质完全吻合.

学生们要加强听、说、读、写综合能力的发展,多进行语言产出和交际的机会,将学习英语的关注点转移到语言的社会功能和实际运用上来。

    还要加强对学生语篇逻辑分析能力和精细阅读能力的培养。可以通过精读教学、课外阅读、写作练习等方式,促进学生的语篇分析能力和对语言的理解力和控制力的发展。此外,要重视语言的准确性。语法和词汇知识是综合语言运用能力的基础,因此巩固对语言基本知识的掌握依然重要。但语法和词汇不是孤立的语言项目,语法和词汇知识的学习要和真实的交际场景和语篇运用紧密结合起来。

    最后提醒大家一下,基于语篇的针对性练习势必比句子层次的语言知识练习更能满足学生的需求和测试的要求。

 

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